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ERIC Number: ED473159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
The Relationship between Personality and Self-Reported Substance Use: Exploring the Implications for High School and College Educational Programs.
Austin, Megan; Brosh, Joanne; Dous, Julie; Iannella, Gina; Outten, Rebecca; Rowles, Peggy; Chambliss, Catherine
This study explored the personality correlates of substance use by administering a questionnaire consisting of the Mini Markers Scale and items assessing substance abuse to 108 high school students and 155 college students. The Mini Markers Scale is a 40 item self-report inventory that measures basic dimensions of personality, including neuroticism, extraversion, intellectance, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Correlational analyses of the data from the entire sample revealed a relationship between extraversion and alcohol use, intellectance and alcohol use, and conscientiousness and cigarette use. No significant relationships between personality and marijuana use were noted. Use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana were all significantly intercorrelated. In order to assess differences across developmental period, responses from the high school students and college students were analyzed separately. For the high school sample, agreeableness was significantly negatively correlated with alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use. Conscientousness and alcohol use were also significantly correlated. For the college sample, there was a significant relationship between intellectance and marijuana use. A strong association between alcohol and marijuana use and an association between alcohol and extraversion were found. There was no significant relationship between cigarette use and any of the personality factors within the college sample. (Contains 40 references.) (GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A