ERIC Number: ED473118
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: 0
School-Based Drug Prevention: What Kind of Drug Use Does It Prevent?
Caulkins, Jonathan P.; Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo; Paddock, Susan; Chiesa, James
School-based drug prevention programs target not only the use of illicit drugs such as marijuana but also licit substances such as alcohol and tobacco. These programs thus have the potential of benefiting society not only by reducing the violence and criminal justice costs associated with abuse of alcohol and cigarettes. This opportunity for multiple benefits raises the interesting question, which is most important? Is school-based drug prevention beneficial mainly as a weapon in the war against illegal drugs, or is it more valuable as a promoter of public health through reduction of licit-substance abuse? The authors analyze the costs and effectiveness of several scientifically evaluated drug prevention programs, along with the social costs of the use of various substances. They verify previous findings that the social benefits of drug prevention can exceed its costs, and they conclude that approximately two-thirds of the programs' value to the public stems from reduction in the use of alcohol and tobacco. Implications for program funding are drawn, and the limitations of prevention are discussed. (Contains 92 references and 41 tables.) (Author)
Descriptors: Comprehensive School Health Education, Drinking, Drug Education, Drug Use, Illegal Drug Use, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Public Health, Tobacco
RAND, 1700 Main St., P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 (ISBN-0-8330-3082-5, $24). Tel: 310-451-7002; Fax: 310-451-6915; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.rand.org/. For full text: http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1459/.
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: RAND, Santa Monica, CA. Drug Policy Research Center.