ERIC Number: ED473010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Mental Retardation: Update 2002. ERIC Digest.
This digest provides an overview of mental retardation in children and adults. It begins by discussing the definition of mental retardation and the three components that are required for an accurate diagnosis: an IQ score of approximately 70 or below, a determination of deficits in adaptive behavior, and origins of the disability prior to age 18. The four levels of mental retardation are then delineated and a proposal for a reconceptualization of levels of mental retardation based on the level of support the individual requires to function successfully in society is described. The digest then reviews prevalence rates for mental retardation, causes of mental retardation, and characteristics of people with mental retardation. Educational and adult programs for individuals with mental retardation are described and include suggested educational strategies, including classroom programs such as study buddies or peer tutors in inclusive elementary classrooms, and vocational education programs for secondary school students. The digest concludes by discussing the controversy surrounding the term "mental retardation" and possible changes in the titles of advocacy organizations. (Contains 13 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Adult Education, Adult Programs, Adults, Classification, Clinical Diagnosis, Elementary Secondary Education, Etiology, Incidence, Inclusive Schools, Individual Characteristics, Mental Retardation, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Council for Exceptional Children, 1110 North Glebe Rd., Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 800-328-0272 (Toll Free); Fax: 703-620-2521; e-mail: email@example.com. For full text: http://ericec.org.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Arlington, VA.