ERIC Number: ED472929
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Aug
African and Arab American Achievement Motivation: Effects of Minority Membership.
Kovach, Bernadette S.; Hillman, Stephen B.
The association between ethnic group identification, attributional style, and the use of self-protective attributions with respect to self-esteem, academic achievement and motivation among ethnically diverse adolescents was examined. Participants in the study included 422 African American, 90 Arab American, and 194 European American high school students. Results of this study indicated that ethnic minority students with a strong ethnic identity were more motivated to achieve academically and had a better school self-concept than students with a depreciated ethnic identity. An inverse relationship was found between academic achievement and variables measuring school self-concept and academic motivation among African American and Arab American students. In addition prejudice was frequently endorsed as a reason for failure among the ethnic minority participants. These findings suggest that some criteria, other than academic grades, are used for self-evaluation by ethnic minority adolescents. (Contains 90 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association (110th, Chicago, IL, August 22-25, 2002).