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ERIC Number: ED472694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
"Used To" and "Be Used To": The Research, Production and Evaluation of a Consciousness-Raising Exercise, Prepared and Presented in Response to a Classroom Question.
Maddalena, Sean
Often, teachers must adapt existing textbooks or produce their own materials in order to accomplish what they want in class. This paper describes how one English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher at a Japanese high school developed materials to address the problem of helping learners distinguish between two grammatical forms: "used to" and "be used to." Materials were intended to cover a single classroom hour and to include all of Swan's (1994) design criteria for pedagogic language rules. First, students were presented with the two grammatical forms and asked to distinguish between the two. Next, students completed a cloze exercise using the two target forms. Students then made their own sentences using the target forms, explaining the difference between the two. Anecdotal data from the course indicated that the materials were successful for higher level, but not lower level, classes. Student motivation was an important factor in how successful the materials were. Six appendixes present the course materials, which include a sheet on "used to" versus "be used to" plus gerund; worksheets for practicing "used to" versus "be used to"; a teacher feedback form; corpus analysis; sample teacher feedback; and sample sentences. (Contains 27 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A