ERIC Number: ED472567
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Dec-18
Births: Final Data for 2001.
Martin, Joyce A.; Hamilton, Brady E.; Ventura, Stephanie J.; Menacker, Fay; Park, Melissa M.; Sutton, Paul D.
National Vital Statistics Reports, v51 n2 December 2002
This report presents 2001 data on U.S. births according to maternal demographics (age, live-birth order, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and educational attainment); maternal characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); pregnant women's medical care utilization (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and delivery method); and infant characteristics (gestation period, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Data are shown on mother's state of residence, month and day of birth, sex ratio, and father's age. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are noted. The number of births, birth rate, fertility rate, and total fertility rates all declined 1 percent in 2001. The teenage birth rate reached another historical low. Birth rates for women in their 20s declined slightly. Rates for women age 30-44 years continued to rise. Births to unmarried women changed very little. Smoking by pregnant women was down again. Women were more likely to begin care in the first trimester of pregnancy. The cesarean delivery rate rose for the 5th consecutive year to 24.4 percent. Preterm and low birthweight levels rose in 2001. (SM)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Health Statistics (DHHS/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.