ERIC Number: ED472360
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Care and Education and Other Family Policies and Programs in South-East Asia. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.
Kamerman, Sheila B.
This report describes early childhood care and education (ECCE) and other family support policies and programs in seven southeast Asian countries: Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The report draws primarily on background country reports prepared by officials in these countries to focus on the context in which policies and programs have been developed, describes extant or proposed child and family support policies and programs, and details specific ECCE initiatives in each country. The report notes that all the countries stress the central and traditional role of the family in rearing and socializing children and that improvement in the status and role of women is a fundamental component of efforts toward enhancing the situation for children. Trends influencing the growing demand for ECCE include family changes, legislative initiatives, increased awareness of the impact of early childhood experiences on child well-being, school performance, and adult productivity. Barriers to expanding ECCE include competition for resources with other needs, government administrative arrangements, and the extent to which care and education are viewed as integrated and administered under one government agency, or separate and administered by several agencies, departments, or ministries. Specific ECCE initiatives are described for each country. The report concludes by emphasizing that there is growing recognition of the importance of ECCE but limited resources, staff shortages, lack of training opportunities, and the prevalence of traditional values have limited the development of ECCE programs. (Contains 12 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Child Care, Children, Developing Nations, Early Childhood Education, Family Support, Females, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Well Being
Early Childhood and Family Education Section, ED/BAS/ECF. UNESCO, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France. Tel: 33-01-4568-0812; Fax: 33-01-4568-5627. For full text: http://www.education.unesco.org/educpro/ecf/index.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Early Childhood and Family Education Unit.
Identifiers - Location: Cambodia; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam