ERIC Number: ED472344
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Negative Effects of TANF on College Enrollment. Special Research Report.
Cox, Kenya L. C.; Spriggs, William E.
This report examines the impact of the 1996 Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) on the college enrollment of welfare recipients who completed high school. The report highlights the lower college enrollment rates among recipients in the post-Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) period and notes the impact of specific state policies toward postsecondary education. Data came from the Urban Institute's 1997 and 1999 National Survey of America's Families. Results confirm that nationally, welfare recipients are attending college less after the passage of PRWORA. There has been approximately a 20-point drop in college enrollment among all welfare recipients, relative to other low-income people who are not welfare recipients, and a 16-point drop for African American welfare recipients, over the first 2 years of TANF. Many state TANF programs discourage college enrollment. In 1998, 25 states did not allow welfare recipients to count any time taking college courses toward work requirements. On average, state policies account for 13 percent of the drop in the probability that welfare recipients would enroll in college relative to other poor women after implementation of TANF. There is a substantial and statistically significant lowering of the odds that TANF recipients attend college after the implementation of TANF compared to pre-TANF. (Contains 12 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Enrollment Trends, Females, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, Poverty, Welfare Recipients, Womens Education
National Urban League, 120 Wall Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10005. Tel: 212-558-5300; Fax: 212-344-5332; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.nul.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: National Urban League, Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families