ERIC Number: ED472120
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Sep-20
Reference Count: N/A
High-Skill Training: Grants from H-1B Visa Fees Meet Specific Workforce Needs, But at Varying Skill Levels. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Education, Workforce, and Income Security Issues.
A study examined the skill grant and scholarship grant programs. Findings indicated skill grantees offered training through various service delivery options to people needing skill upgrading; scholarship grantees provided scholarships to low income students for college degree programs in computer science, mathematics, and engineering. The skill grant program required grantees to create partnerships to implement the program; the nature of the partnerships was flexible. Finding students eligible for the scholarship grant program was a challenge. Skill grant training was based on local workforce needs and addressed occupations below and at bachelor's degree level required for H-1B visas; the scholarship program's training was based on national workforce needs and jobs that many H-1B visa holders fill. The skill program designed training to address skill shortages in the local workforce. The scholarship program's focus was attracting and keeping students in fields with national workforce shortages. Federal programs and initiatives were not coordinated to address the national need for high skill workers; local skill grant programs were more coordinated. By implementing skill grants, local workforce officials increased coordination with partners and employers. Skill grantees wanted more Department of Labor (DOL) aid in obtaining information on companies needing H-1B workers and developing a national program marketing strategy. (Appendixes include scope and methodology; survey; data; and comments from the DOL, National Science Foundation, and Department of Commerce.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Bachelors Degrees, Computer Science, Engineering, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Foreign Nationals, Grants, Higher Education, Information Technology, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Labor Needs, Low Income, Mathematics, Postsecondary Education, Program Development, Program Implementation, Retraining, Scholarships, Skilled Workers
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015. Web site: http://www.gao.gov (first copy free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount). For full text: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02881.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Education, Workforce, and Income Security Issues.