ERIC Number: ED472068
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-May
Reference Count: N/A
Rising Political Consciousness: Transformational Learning in Malaysia.
Kamis, Mazalan; Muhamad, Mazanah
As part of a larger study (not discussed) ten educated Malaysian citizens were interviewed to find whether their rising political consciousness, over a ten year period (1988-1999), indicated that their transformation was influenced by their culture. The subjects were between 35-45 years old, married, with an average of four children. All were members of the majority race, Malay, and held membership in the United Malay National Organization (UMNO), the biggest political party in Malaysia. The following research questions guided the study: (1) What triggered individuals' transformations; and (2) what facilitated the transformation to occur. Voting patterns in the 10th General Election of 1999 were meshed with interview transcripts. Two themes emerged from the data: (1) abhorrence of political scandals and upheavals during 1998-1999; and (2) a feeling of being intellectually demeaned (lied to by government authorities). The major conclusion of the study was that a political event could trigger perspective shifts and lead to transformative learning if it is perceived as threatening to the communal cultural identity. A second conclusion was that the methods used to handle the national crisis were against participants' cultural and religious values. The researchers believe the study contributed to theoretical explanations of transformative learning among individuals in a developing country. (The bibliography lists 28 references). (AJ)
Descriptors: Adult Development, Adult Learning, Beliefs, Change Strategies, Citizen Participation, Comparative Analysis, Conference Papers, Consciousness Raising, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Cultural Pluralism, Current Events, Developing Nations, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Ethnic Groups, Ethnic Relations, Evaluative Thinking, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Induction, Interviews, Learning Processes, Lifelong Learning, Monetary Systems, Moral Values, Perspective Taking, Political Attitudes, Political Parties, Political Socialization, Politics, Postsecondary Education, Qualitative Research, Religion, Self Concept, Social Action, Social Change, Transformative Learning, Values, Voting
Adult and Community College Education, Box 7801, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7801 ($30). For full text: http://www.ncsu.edu/ced/acce/aerc/start.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia