ERIC Number: ED471717
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Can Education Play a Role in the Prevention of Youth Gangs in Indian Country? One Tribe's Approach. ERIC Digest.
Traditionally an urban problem, gang involvement is growing on Native American reservations. This digest examines common factors in gang development and one tribe's response through a Native-centric education and juvenile justice system. The sum of handicaps associated with gang involvement has been termed "multiple marginality," and reservation gang members have been found to be adrift, marginalized counterparts of their non-Indian peers. The Pima-Maricopa tribe has developed a unique approach, based on communal responsibility, to deal with gang youths. The tribe recently built a high school, an alternative school for students with a history of delinquency, and a juvenile detention facility with a special education program. The three programs work as a unit to develop long-term plans and joint accountability for individual students. No matter which institution gang members end up in, they have access to extracurricular activities, counseling and therapy programs, tutoring with a tribal elder, mentorship from a tribal council member, and participation in tribal ceremonies. Their parents are called nightly, and when needed, students receive special education classes in an affirming, structured environment. The case of one ninth-grade gang member, and the opportunities this approach gives him, are described. (Contains 29 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Community Responsibility, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Cooperation, Extracurricular Activities, Juvenile Gangs, Juvenile Justice, Nontraditional Education, Reservation American Indians, School Community Relationship, Secondary Education, Special Needs Students, Tribally Controlled Education
ERIC/CRESS, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348. Tel: 800-624-9120 (Toll Free). For full text: http://www.ael.org/eric/digests/edorc02-12.pdf.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.