ERIC Number: ED471685
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents' Achievement Goals: Situating Motivation in Sociocultural Contexts.
Kaplan, Avi; Maehr, Martin L.
Noting that adolescents' academic achievement depends, to a large degree, on adolescents' motivation, this chapter takes an achievement goal theory perspective to show how the manner in which adolescents adopt differing achievement goal orientations provides a framework for understanding the processes that contribute to their adoption of adaptive motivational orientations. This chapter begins with a summary of developments in the study of motivation over the past 20 years, focusing on the emergence of achievement goal theory and tracing the relationship between goal orientations and processes such as the use of effective and ineffective learning strategies, adoption of positive and negative attitudes toward school and learning, and engagement in cooperative and disruptive behavior. In particular, the chapter shows how adoption of mastery or performance goals may be viewed as aspects of the process of self-reconstruction in which adolescents engage, serving the development of their personal interests, establishing the basis of their self-worth, and forming desirable social relationships. Next, the chapter presents a model that situates students' motivational orientations in the sociocultural context of their schools, and discusses its implications to theory, research, and educational practices. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the implications of the model for understanding motivation in adolescence. (Contains 168 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Context Effect, Cooperation, Cultural Influences, Educational Environment, Goal Orientation, Learning Motivation, Learning Strategies, Models, Self Esteem, Social Behavior, Social Influences, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Theories, Theory Practice Relationship
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Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
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