ERIC Number: ED471628
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Reading Comprehension and Numeracy among Junior Secondary School Students in Australia. Research Report. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth.
Marks, Gary N.; Ainley, John
This report examines the performance, and levels of mastery, on tests of reading comprehension and numeracy of Australian students in junior secondary school between 1975 and 1995. Data were drawn from two national monitoring studies and other studies of representative samples of junior secondary school students designed to monitor the progress of young people through school into further education, training and work. In each of the studies, students completed tests that are similar to those conducted in the Australian states and territories and overseas to monitor student performance. Although both the reading and numeracy tests were not identical over time they included a substantial number of common items, which allowed the construction of single measures of achievement in reading and numeracy. The analyses reported include: comparisons of the percentage of students correctly answering common items; the mean levels of achievement and percentage of students attaining mastery at different times; and comparisons over time of achievement and in some instances, mastery, by gender, ethnicity, and social background. In addition, the report discusses the results obtained from multilevel multivariate analyses of both school-level and individual-level factors. From 1975 to 1995 there was little systematic change in the performance on the common items in the reading tests. There was no substantial change in the proportion of 14-year-old students achieving mastery in reading since 1975, but the percentage attaining mastery in numeracy appears to have increased. Appended is a discussion of data and methods of analysis. (Contains 16 references and 12 tables.) (NKA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Measures (Individuals), Multivariate Analysis, Numeracy, Reading Comprehension, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Commonwealth Dept. of Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia