ERIC Number: ED471612
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Partnership in Combating Youth Unemployment--The Case of Germany.
Two alternative paradigms can be identified in the concepts and programs of training and employment policy in Europe. One approach focuses on developing a secure status for young people beginning their working life. An alternative approach concentrates more on strengthening individual responsibility to empower individuals to find their own way in an ever-changing society. Youth unemployment is lower in countries with alternating or dual apprenticeship systems of training, the dominant vocational training system in Germany. A training place in the dual system enhances chances for transition into a job, but, recently, only half of leavers enter directly into a job in the enterprise where training occurred. With a change in the federal government in 1998, a tripartite "Alliance for Jobs, Training, and Competitiveness" has been established. The federal Chancellor, government representatives, and presidents of trade unions and employer organizations meet two or three times a year to express joint opinions and prepare decisions. Parallel to the Alliance's partnership process, the federal government has established a program to combat youth unemployment called JUMP (Jugend mit Perspektive, or Perspective for Young People). Its nine strands can be grouped into these five lines of action: apprenticeship, preparation, continued training, working and learning, and integration into jobs. Levels of partnership in the framework of combating youth unemployment are mobilization of training places, pre-training opportunities, and jobs for young people. (YLB)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Empowerment, Entry Workers, Federal Programs, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Job Training, Partnerships in Education, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Unemployment, Vocational Education, Youth Employment
For full text: http://www.yorku.ca/crws/network/francais/Heidemann-Youth.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: York Univ., Toronto (Ontario). Labour Education and Training Research Network.
Identifiers - Location: Germany