ERIC Number: ED471604
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Becoming an Adult: Leaving Home, Relationships and Home Ownership among Australian Youth. Research Report.
Hillman, Kylie J.; Marks, Gary N.
Four Australian cohorts (born in 1961, 1965, 1970 and 1975) were studied between 1980-2000. The life transitions study focused on these three traditional markers of adulthood: (1) moving out of the parental home; (2) establishing an intimate relationship; and (3) buying a home. Incidence of these transitions was analyzed in terms of their relationship to social background, demographic, and labor market factors. The following was found: (1) those born in 1975, especially the females, moved out of the parental home at older ages than in the other cohorts; (2) geographic location and cultural background were two of the strongest influences on leaving home; (3) people, once over age 21, were marrying less and living in de facto partnerships more; (4) educational attainment had a stronger effect on the likelihood of marriage for females than for males; (5) the higher the educational level the less likely a person was to marry before age 25; (6) people were renting homes longer, especially in the two youngest cohorts; and (7) marital status and employment were the only factors with a consistent influence on the likelihood of home ownership. These were among the conclusions included: (1) public policies that target educational participation and employment do influence the capacity for young people to gain independence and complete various transitions into adulthood; and, (2) policies that inadvertently delay attainment of independence can affect Australians' life satisfaction and well-being. (Ten tables/figures are included. The bibliography lists 23 references. Appended are samples and populations; 7 data tables; and multivariate analyses tables). (AJ)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Adult Children, Attrition (Research Studies), Cohort Analysis, Demography, Developed Nations, Dropouts, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Opportunities, Expectation, Family Characteristics, Females, Feminism, Foreign Countries, Homeowners, Individual Characteristics, Individual Development, Interpersonal Relationship, Labor Market, Life Events, Life Satisfaction, Life Style, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Marriage, Metropolitan Areas, Multivariate Analysis, Non English Speaking, Nonmetropolitan Areas, Opportunities, Outcomes of Education, Parent Influence, Postsecondary Education, Probability, Public Policy, Regression (Statistics), Sex Differences, Significant Others, Social Background, Social Change, Sociocultural Patterns, Statistical Analysis, Trend Analysis, Well Being
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia