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ERIC Number: ED471544
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Profiles of Respondents Who Respond Inconsistently to Positively- and Negatively-Worded Items on Rating Scales.
Weems, Gail H.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Lustig, Daniel
Many instruments, especially Likert-type scales, contain both positively and negatively worded items within the same scale (i.e., mixed item format). A major reason for this practice appears to be to discourage response sets from emerging. Using this format also helps the analyst detect response sets that occur in data sets, and thus eliminate them from subsequent analyses. Some psychometricians question the use of mixed item formats, positing that positively and negatively worded items within a scale are not measuring the same underlying trait. Limited evidence has suggested that certain individuals are more predisposed to providing differential response patterns when responding to a mixed item format scale. However, to date, only a few characteristics of these differentially responding individuals have been identified. This study sought to extend this research, analyzing responses to several scales using mixed item formats. Using a canonical correlation analysis, a sample of 158 students revealed a relationship between degree of differential response between positively and negatively worded items on three six-item measures of foreign language anxiety (i.e., input, processing, and output anxiety) and several dimensions of self-perception, study skills, and locus of control. Implications of all findings are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 61 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A