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ERIC Number: ED471529
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Oct
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Challenges and Changes to Tinto's Persistence Theory.
Metz, George W.
Studies investigating academic persistence compose one of the most widely reported areas of research in higher education. Tinto is most often cited in and associated with student persistence research. This paper details the origins of Tinto's theories, as well as subsequent criticisms and reformulations of those fundamental theories. The origins of Tinto's student departure theory began with his collaboration with Cullen in 1973. The academic and social integration variables from this collaboration formed the foundation for Tinto's 1975 model, while his subsequent inclusion of additional environmental variables was adapted from Van Gennep's rites of passage theory. One of the major criticisms of the Tinto model was its exclusion of the two-year college student population. Bers (1988) and Halpern (1990) were among the first to suggest Tinto's model could be applied to two-year colleges. They also suggested additional variables, such as college major, be included as influences on student persistence. Tierney (1992) asserted that Tinto misinterpreted Van Gennep's anthropological rites of passage, which could have harmful consequences for minority students. This paper argues that research of the 1990s evidences the continuing existence of opportunities for further exploration of the basic theoretical concepts of Tinto and others. Braxton (2000) urges researchers to reinvestigate Tinto's theory of student departure. (Contains 65 references.) (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A