ERIC Number: ED471511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Social Rights and Citizenship: An International Comparison.
Fix, Michael; Laglagaron, Laureen
This paper examines policies regarding access to social benefits and the labor market in nine representative liberal industrialized democracies. Five are self-consciously nations of immigration: the United States, Canada, Australia, Israel, and France. Four are de-facto immigration nations within the European Union (EU): Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, and Britain. The countries reflect substantial variation in size and character of immigration flows, as well as differing regimes of access to both the social welfare state and labor market and approaches to granting citizenship. This analysis focuses on legal or tolerated immigrants. After section 1, "Introduction," section 2, "Access to Public Benefits: General Policy Trends," discusses the path to permanent status; rationing benefits by citizenship in the United States, Austria, and Britain; indirect bars to benefits; restrictions to contributory benefit programs; and whether rationing by citizenship makes good policy. Section 3, "Rationing Access to the Labor Market on the Basis of Citizenship," discusses public sector employment, private sector employment, and self-employment. Section 4 focuses on "Is Citizenship Enough? Antidiscrimination Policies." Section 5, "Policy Recommendations," offers five recommendations. An appendix presents summary tables (benefit eligibility by country). (Contains 63 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Citizenship, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Immigration, Labor Market, Public Policy, Self Employment, Social Discrimination, Welfare Services
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Austria; Canada; France; Germany; Israel; Netherlands; United Kingdom (Great Britain)