ERIC Number: ED471506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
A Longitudinal Investigation of Emotional Health among First-Year College Students: Comparisons of Women and Men.
Sax, Linda J.; Bryant, Alyssa N.; Gilmartin, Shannon K.
This study investigated how college students change in the first year of college with respect to their emotional health and how aspects of the college environment affect students' emotional health. Data were drawn from the 200 Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) Freshman Survey completed by 269,413 students in fall 2000 and the 2001 Your First College Year survey completed by a subset of 3,680 students from the CIRP. A. Astin's (1993) Input-Environment-Outcome model provided the framework for the study. Findings show that between the time students begin college and the end of their freshman year, declines in emotional health are apparent for both men and women. Findings also show lower levels of emotional health for women than for men, a finding that may reflect lower emotional health or a greater willingness to admit feelings of depression, loneliness, and isolation. Distancing oneself from the family had a positive effect on women's emotional health, but no such effect on the emotional health of men. The study also provides evidence that academic factors contribute directly to emotional health. The study raises many questions about the emotional well-being of students and makes the need for further research clear. Two appendixes contain variable definitions and coding schemes for the study. (Contains 3 tables and 28 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Change, College Freshmen, Emotional Adjustment, Higher Education, Mental Health, Sex Differences, Student Adjustment
For full text: http://www.eriche.org/ASHEpapers02/Sax%20-%20A%20Longitudinal%20Investigation.PDF.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (27th, Sacramento, CA, November 21-24, 2002).