ERIC Number: ED471384
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
A Comparison of Descriptive Writing of First Graders Using Freechoice Journaling versus Topical Journaling.
Myers, Vanessa Gayle
Educators continue to seek ways to foster writing that produces rich language usage by students. Journal writing in the classroom allows students to express ideas in written form. Two types of journal writing often used by educators include topical journal writing and free choice journal writing. The desire to excel in the area of writing prompted a comparison study on the usage of topical journal writing and free choice journal writing. The study involved 6 weeks of writing, 3 weeks spent in free-choice journal writing and three weeks in topical journal writing. The first-grade students were asked to write at least four sentences three times weekly. The researcher collected data by measuring the number of describing words the students used in each entry. A describing word was defined as any word that described a noun. The researcher retained the hypothesis that comparing descriptive word use in first grade students' free-choice journal writing and topical journal writing would not create a significant difference at the 0.05 level of significance. The researcher, however, observed a higher mean of descriptive words used by students in free-choice journal writing as compared to topical journal writing. The researcher concluded that both forms of journal writing are equally effective in the classroom. Appendixes contain the approval letters. (Contains 30 references, 1 table, and 1 figure.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master of Arts Action Research Project, Johnson Bible College.