ERIC Number: ED471304
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Teaching Research with Critiques and Grant Proposals.
Kennedy, Robert L.; McCallister, Corliss Jean
This study investigated the effectiveness of an approach to teaching an advanced research class by comparing students' test scores on a test of research fundamentals before and after the course. The classes that were the focus of the study were offered in 2001 and 2002 by the same instructor. Both sections incorporated article critiques (based on an instrument from Wilson and Onwuegbuzie), a critique-based examination, and an oral presentation of a grant application completed by each student. The purpose of the critiques and grant application were to provide the students with opportunities to apply in some depth the research knowledge they had acquired from their basic research courses. There were 26 participants for whom there was complete information, 14 females and 12 males. Multiple-choice pretests and posttests on fundamental research topics were given. A 30-item posttest yielded a Cronbach's alpha of 0.76. A paired t-test was run comparing the pretest and posttest scores. The assumption of normality was verified by the Omnibus Normality of Residuals Test, but random selection was not possible since students were not randomly assigned to classes. No control group was possible since all students were taught by the same instructor.The t-test indicated that the null hypothesis of no statistically significant difference between the mean pretest and posttest scores could be rejected at the 0.05 level. The effect size, d=0.61, was medium (Cohen). It is concluded that offering the course using the approach described could be reasonably effective in improving the performance of the students to the extent measured by the multiple-choice tests. An attachment describes the course. (Contains 2 figures and 22 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Chattanooga, TN, November 6-8, 2002).