ERIC Number: ED471151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Turnover Intent in an Urban Community College: Strategies for Faculty Retention.
Dee, Jay R.
This study examines faculty turnover intent in an urban community college, with a specific focus on the relationship between turnover intent and three structural variables: level of faculty autonomy, amount of support for faculty innovation, and degree of communication openness in the college. Turnover intent is defined as the degree of likelihood that an employee will terminate his/her membership in a work organization. The author identifies numerous career stressors that are particularly prevalent among urban community college faculty (e.g., increasing external demands, difficulty establishing a college community) and highlights the potential influence of these factors on faculty turnover intentions. Expectancy theory serves as the theoretical foundation for this study, which seeks to identify specific organizational structures that enhance faculty retention rates. A cross-sectional survey that measured turnover intent, work autonomy, organizational support for innovation, and communication openness was distributed to all full-time faculty members of an urban community college. Data analysis revealed a strong, negative relationship between organizational support for innovation and faculty turnover intent, but it did not find collegial communication or work autonomy to be significant. The researcher also noted that respondents aged 20-39 reported higher levels of turnover intent than their older colleagues. (Contains 53 references and 3 tables.) (RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (27th, Sacramento, CA, November 21-24, 2002).