ERIC Number: ED471131
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Work and Leaving Home: The Experience of England and Wales, 1850-1920. Working Paper.
Data from the 1811 and 1851 census in England and Wales as well as other data from those countries in 1891 and 1921 were analyzed to investigate individuals' timing and extent of departure from the parental home. The authors found the following: (1) there was a gradual increase in the ages at which children left the parental home; (2) the pace of departure became more rapid over the entire period studied for males, although for females, the pace was increased in the twentieth century; (3) there was a decline in non-familial residence; and (4) there was a rise, especially in the twentieth century, in post-marriage co-residence with parents. The trends were attributed to a general decline in farm employment and domestic service (where employees had traditionally been given room and board) and the subsequent rise in urbanization and industrialization. The period from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century increasingly witnessed a divergence between the experience of leaving the parental home and entry into the labor market. The author suggested further research on the changing patterns of the timing of entry into the workplace. (Contains 17 tables and 73 references.) (AJ)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Biographies, Cohort Analysis, Demography, Employment Patterns, Entry Workers, Family Structure, Farm Occupations, Females, Foreign Countries, History, Household Workers, Industrialization, Industry, Labor Market, Life Events, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Marriage, Models, Occupational Mobility, Parents, Place of Residence, Primary Sources, Professional Occupations, Research Reports, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Social History, Social Status, Trend Analysis, Urbanization
For full text: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/esrcfutureofwork/downloads/workingpaperdow nloads/paper12.pdf. For full text (charts): http://www.leeds.ac.uk/esrcfutureofwork/downloads/workingpaperdow nloads/paper12charts.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council, Lancaster (England).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Wales)