ERIC Number: ED471078
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Essential Components for Solving Various Problems in Multimedia Learning Environments.
Hong, Namsoo S.; McGee, Steven; Howard, Bruce C.
This study explored the mental components that are most important for successful problem solving. Four components were studied: cognition, metacognition, noncognitive variables, and justification skills. It was hypothesized that cognition and knowledge of cognition would predict success at solving well-structured problems, which have one correct answer and typically only one way to reach a final solution. It was further hypothesized that regulation of cognition, justification skills, and noncognitive variables, in addition to cognition and knowledge of cognition, would predict success at solving ill-structured problems, which have no correct answers and multiple ways to reach a final solution. The first study included 118 ninth graders from a Midwestern high school and the second study included 1,160 middle school students. Results of the two studies support the hypothesis that mental components used in problem solving depend on the nature of problem solving tasks. Different problem solving tasks require different mental components. To promote students' problem solving skills, educators must develop teaching and learning strategies that use different cognitive components. More research, using appropriate instruments, should explore the role of justification skills in solving problems. (Contains 2 tables and 25 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A