ERIC Number: ED470859
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Neighbourhood Effects and Community Spillovers in the Australian Youth Labour Market. Research Report.
Andrews, Dan; Green, Colin; Mangan, John
Data taken primarily from the Australian Youth Survey were used to model unemployment as a function of personal characteristics, family structure, and neighborhood composition using binomial probit estimation techniques. The cross-sectional model developed indicated that significant neighborhood effects on unemployment outcomes exist in high- and low-income areas. Although the positive effects of living in a high-income neighborhood diminished by age 21, the negative impacts associated with low-income neighborhoods persisted. Low neighborhood concentrations of vocational qualifications affected young people's unemployment outcomes. This finding was hypothesized to be an indicator of the weaker employment and information networks that typically exist in low-income neighborhoods. The panel data model indicated that unobserved heterogeneity (unobservable individual characteristics) influences the probability of being unemployed and is therefore another important factor in the modeling of neighborhood effects. The panel model confirmed the presence of neighborhood effects in the lowest 20% of neighborhoods but did not corroborate the existence of effects related to the concentration of vocational qualifications. A description of the variable set is appended. (Contains 8 tables and 35 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Community Influence, Comparative Analysis, Definitions, Economic Climate, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Estimation (Mathematics), Family Structure, Foreign Countries, Income, Individual Characteristics, Labor Market, Literature Reviews, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Techniques, Models, National Surveys, Neighborhoods, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Probability, Research Methodology, Secondary Education, Social Environment, Social Networks, Socioeconomic Status, Trend Analysis, Unemployment, Vocational Education, Youth, Youth Employment
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth