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ERIC Number: ED470851
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
The Emerging Workforce of Entrepreneurs with Disabilities: Preliminary Study of Entrepreneurship in Iowa.
Blanck, Peter David; Sandler, Leonard A.; Schmeling, James L.; Schartz, Helen A.
Iowa Law Review, v85 p1583-1661 2000
Iowa's emerging workforce of entrepreneurs with disabilities and the design of Iowa's Entrepreneurs with Disabilities (EWD) program were examined in an exploratory study. The study focused on the following issues: organizational characteristics of the EWD program; the characteristics of EWD applicants and their motivations for choosing self-employment; the impact of disability on potential success as an entrepreneur; the impact of participation in the EWD program; and questions for future study of entrepreneurs with disabilities. Data were collected from the following sources: (1) a literature review; (2) a review of Iowa's EWD program and its policies and procedures; (3) an analysis of more than 500 EWD program applications, and (4) telephone interviews with a stratified subsample of 30 EWD participants. Of the 30 EWD applicants interviewed, 25 (83%) reported having had incomes before the onset of their disability (median pre-disability income, $25,000). The following were among the recurrent themes mentioned by the interviewees: the economic implications of self-employment; independence and commitment to self-employment; health care and insurance needs associated with self-employment; encountering discrimination before and after self-employment; and the challenges of staying self-employed. The summary form of the structured and open-ended interview questions is appended. (Contains 299 footnotes.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Career Choice, Disabilities, Educational Research, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Entrepreneurship, Federal Legislation, Interviews, Labor Force, Labor Force Development, Literature Reviews, Motivation, Participant Characteristics, Partnerships in Education, Private Sector, Program Design, Program Effectiveness, Public Sector, Questionnaires, Research Methodology, Self Employment, State Programs, Statewide Planning, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis, Work Attitudes
For full text: http://ows.doleta.gov/nrc/pdf/blanck.pdf.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Workforce Investment Act 1998