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ERIC Number: ED470718
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov-14
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effect of Race on the Diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
Day, Joseph
This two-part study examined complex decision-making (making a diagnosis) by psychiatric clinicians. In experiment one, 100 psychiatric clinicians were asked to rate items on the Child Behavior Checklist in terms of their relationship to oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Based on their ratings 27 items were found to be indicative of a diagnosis of ODD. These items were then used to create vignettes of a black, white, or racially unspecified child presenting with no symptoms of ODD, clear symptoms of ODD or possible symptoms of ODD. In the second experiment, a different set of 225 psychiatric clinicians were sent one vignette each and each was asked to give a different diagnosis of the child and to rate how confident they were in their diagnosis via a 0-5 Likert scale. The vignette that ostensibly described a black child got significantly more diagnoses than the other two groups with clinicians being more confident doing so. Additionally, though not statistically significant, the black child got the diagnosis of ODD more often than the white or the racially unspecified child again with higher clinician confidence rating. Results are discussed in relation to the use of heuristics to arrive at judgments. (Contains 49 references, 4 tables, and 11 appendixes.) (Author/GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A