ERIC Number: ED470513
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Process of Social In(ex)clusion in Schools: Data from Reality.
de Castro, Marta Luz Sisson; Menezes, Janaina S. S.
Brazil has one of the most inequitable income distributions in the world, and schools perpetuate the processes of social exclusion. This paper examines processes of social exclusion in the municipal elementary schools of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Interviews with municipal superintendents focused on the schools' welfare services, particularly school meals and rural school transportation; how violence appears in the context of school and municipality; and issues of remuneration, training, and working conditions of elementary school teachers. Although school meals and rural transport programs were designed to address some causes of student failure and dropout and thereby promote social inclusion, the strain on poorer municipalities of funding such programs contributed to maintaining inequalities. In addition, the administrative demands of the programs drew professional attention away from the sphere of education, creating another barrier to quality education in disadvantaged areas. The expression of social problems in the form of violence prevented student progress and took up much of educators' time. It was also observed that teacher remuneration and training were related, such that low salaries interfered with teacher training and qualifications. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil