ERIC Number: ED470465
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
State Policies on Community College Remedial Education: Findings from a National Survey.
Jenkins, Davis; Boswell, Katherine
This paper addresses the issue of developmental education in the community college. Across the country, states are increasingly discouraging four-year institutions from offering remedial education. The City University of New York and the California State University system are phasing out remedial instruction. In the 1999-2000 academic year, public two-year colleges served over 345,000 resident alien students, while public four-year institutions served fewer than 245,000 resident aliens. Approximately 60% of resident aliens who were first-time students at public two-year colleges in 1999-2000 took at least one remedial course. This paper defines remedial education as those courses in reading, writing, and mathematics offered to students lacking the necessary academic skills to perform college-level work. The Education Commission of the States (ECS) sent surveys to 50 states for this study; 47 were returned. Highlights of the findings follow. Every state allows community colleges to fund remedial education using state funds. However, several states provide no funding specifically earmarked for remedial education. Forty-two of the responding states allow state financial aid to be used to pay for remedial services. Only Maryland requires students to complete remedial courses before taking college-level courses. This paper also details states' data collection and reporting tracking systems and current policy issues. (Author/NB)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Compensatory Education, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educationally Disadvantaged, High Risk Students, Policy, Remedial Instruction, Remedial Programs, Skill Development, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Education Commission of the States, 700 Broadway, Suite 1200, Denver, CO 80203-3460 (Item no. CC-02-01, $5 plus postage and handling). Tel: 303-299-3692; Web site: http://www.communitycollegepolicy.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. Center for Community College Policy.