ERIC Number: ED470265
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform and New York City's Low-Income Population. Discussion Paper.
Chernick, Howard; Reimers, Cordelia
This paper uses Current Population Survey data to evaluate the initial effects of welfare reform on the economic well-being of low-income and vulnerable families (defined as those with low levels of education or with single mothers). To do so, it examines the changes in New York City policies and administrative procedures, comparing receipt of public benefits programs, earnings, and income among vulnerable households in 1994-95 and 1997-99. During this time, the proportion of households receiving public assistance dropped from 11.3 to 7.9 percent. The decline was significantly greater among Hispanics than Blacks. The proportion of the at-risk population with earnings increased from 62 to 70 percent. The proportion of at-risk households with earnings rose more for Hispanics than Blacks. Among the entire at-risk group, there were significant increases in household earnings, money income, and comprehensive income for Hispanics, but not for Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites, or others. Differences between Hispanics and Blacks can be described as gap-closing in that Hispanic rates of welfare receipt, earnings, and income converged on those of Blacks. The pull of a tighter labor market, together with improvements in Hispanics' education levels and shifts in family structure, explains part of the convergence, but the high overall rates of decline in public assistance and sharp differences between different ethnic groups suggest that administrative push has also been an important factor. (Contains 12 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Blacks, Educational Attainment, Family Income, Hispanic Americans, Low Income Groups, Urban Areas, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Publications, Institute for Research on Poverty, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119. For full text: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families