ERIC Number: ED470065
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Nov-23
Because the Numbers Matter: Transforming Racial/Ethnic Reporting Data To Account for Mixed Race Students in Postsecondary Education.
Renn, Kristen A.; Lunceford, Christina J.
This paper discusses the policy environment in which data on race and ethnicity of college applicants are collected through a history of the federal collection of racial data, the current status of racial data collection, and the processes that led to current and proposed data collection requirements. The impact of recent changes in reporting categories on institutional data collection is described as illustrated by data from a preliminary study of current and planned data collection at a national sample of institutions. In fall 2002, data were collected from 127 institutions. Institutions were categorized into 2 categories: those that used the 1997 Office of Management and Budget Directive (OMB) 15 racial categories, and those that have implemented the 1997 revisions (among other changes, allowing the option of choosing more than one racial category) or have further expanded broad categories. Ninety-eight percent of the institutions collected racial and ethnic data on their applications for admission, and only two schools, both Historically Black Colleges and Universities, did not collect racial/ethnic data. Sixty-two percent of institutions currently use the "old" categories, and only 17.3% of institutions offered students the option of marking more than one category for race/ethnicity. The paper discusses the implications for practice and future research. An appendix provides a timeline of events related to development and implementation of OMB Directive 15. (Contains 4 tables and 30 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Sacramento, CA, November 21-24, 2002).