ERIC Number: ED470063
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Resident and Nonresident Tuition and Enrollment at Flagship State Universities.
Rizzo, Michael J.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
This study attempted to understand how the share of nonresidents among first-time freshmen varied at a point in time across 91 flagship public research institutions and over time at any given institution. Panel data from a variety of sources, including national surveys by the National Center for Education Statistics, were used to estimate a system of equations to explain levels of state-based grant aid per student, in-state tuition, out-of-state tuition, and the share of out-of-state students among first-time freshmen. A survey was undertaken to obtain information on the nature and prevalence of tuition reciprocity agreements. Using the panel data, a system of four simultaneously determined equations was developed, with institution-year as the unit of analysis. Some insights were developed from the empirical study. Aside from the higher quality institutions, public universities cannot, or do not, use nonresident enrollment as a revenue generating strategy. Instead, they use nonresident enrollment to augment academic quality or to take advantage of cost efficiencies achieved through participation in tuition reciprocity agreements. Enrollment pressure from high school graduates in a state affects need-based grant aid per student, in-state and out-of-state tuition levels, and nonresident enrollment shares. Findings also show that quality is important in higher education, and that quality influences the tuition an institution can charge. (Contains 26 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A