ERIC Number: ED469970
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Using Cognitive Strategies To Develop English Language and Literacy. ERIC Digest.
Crandall, JoAnn; Jaramillo, Ann; Olsen, Laurie; Peyton, Joy Kreeft
Immigrant students in secondary schools face a number of obstacles as they make the transition to schooling in the United States. In addition to adjusting to a new country and school system, they must also learn academic content in a new language. Because these students come from a variety of ethnic, educational, and economic backgrounds, representing a host of cultures, languages, and educational needs, it is often difficult to provide instruction tailored to their specific needs. Developing the English language proficiency of these students so they can participate effectively in mainstream English classes has long been a major focus of those working with newcomers in secondary school. However, educators are also looking for ways to help them achieve at high academic levels, which involves reading English well, understanding academic discourse, writing coherently, and speaking English at cognitively complex and abstract levels. These students usually have only a few years to master these skills. This digest describes ways to develop students' English language and literacy skills and to make academic content challenging, interesting, and accessible. They include the following: (1) building conceptual frameworks for new knowledge; (2) teaching learning strategies; (3) focusing on reading in all classes; (4) giving students opportunities to engage in free reading; and (5) helping students move beyond the text. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, English (Second Language), Immigrants, Learning Strategies, Literacy, Recreational Reading, Second Language Learning, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, 4646 40th St., NW, Washington, DC 20016-1859. Tel: 202-362-0700; Tel: 800-276-9834 (Toll Free). For full text: http://www.cal.org/ericcll.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.