ERIC Number: ED469919
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Initial Work and Education Experiences of Early School Leavers: A Comparative Study of Australia and the United States. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. Research Report.
Lamb, Stephen; Rumberger, Russell
A study examined experiences of early leavers in the United States (US) and Australia in the first two years beyond high school. Data were from these comparable longitudinal surveys: US data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988; Australian data from the 1975 cohort of the Youth in Transition surveys. Findings indicated similar percentages of students left school early in both countries--21 percent in the US and 22 percent in Australia. In both, early school leaving rates were substantially higher for students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and with low achievement levels. In Australia about half of all early leavers left at year 10 and most of the rest at year 11; in the US, the majority left in years 11 and 12. Almost half of early leavers in the US completed high school within 2 years of normal high school graduation; fewer than 10 percent of early leavers in Australia completed school. A reason for differences in rates of completion was the difference in post-school education and training opportunities. In Australia early leavers had more opportunities to pursue post-school education and training. In both countries early leavers had more difficulty securing productive employment than those who graduated, but disparities were greater in the US. Also, in both countries, young workers who completed school were more likely employed in white collar occupations; early leavers were more likely employed in skilled trades and laboring jobs. (Contains 23 references and 18 tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Blue Collar Occupations, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Programs, Dropouts, Education Work Relationship, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Entry Workers, Foreign Countries, High School Equivalency Programs, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Socioeconomic Status, Vocational Education, White Collar Occupations
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United States