ERIC Number: ED469914
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Youth Earnings in Australia, 1980-1994: A Comparison of Three Youth Cohorts. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. Research Report.
Marks, Gary N.; Fleming, Nicole
A study examined hourly earnings among Australian young people using three Youth in Transition cohorts from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth project (birth years 1961, 1965, and 1970). It considered correlations between hourly earnings and measures of social background and school factors, qualifications, and labor market history; modeled earnings using a four-step procedure adding social and demographic background factors, school factors including school sector and achievement, qualifications and year 12 completion, and employment history; and focused on aging and cohort effects by examining impact on hourly earnings of gender, schooling, qualifications, and employment experience at particular ages. Findings indicated that school achievement had a moderate effect on hourly earnings and its effects increased with age and over time; completing year 12 increased hourly earnings, an effect stronger on younger age groups; the gender gap in earnings declined across cohorts; employment experience had less impact among women, a difference greater in younger cohorts; living in a non-metropolitan area during school years was associated with lower hourly earnings; while having a degree was a major positive influence on earnings, other qualifications were of little long-term advantage; apprenticeship was associated with an initial earnings advantage that declined with age; and increases in overall unemployment were associated with decreases in hourly earnings. (Contain 17 references, 7 tables, and 8 figures.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Attainment, Employment Experience, Foreign Countries, High School Graduates, Longitudinal Studies, Postsecondary Education, Qualifications, Rural Urban Differences, Salary Wage Differentials, School Demography, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Social Background, Social Influences, Unemployment, Vocational Education, Wages, Youth Employment
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia