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ERIC Number: ED469914
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-86431-307-1
ISSN: N/A
Youth Earnings in Australia, 1980-1994: A Comparison of Three Youth Cohorts. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. Research Report.
Marks, Gary N.; Fleming, Nicole
A study examined hourly earnings among Australian young people using three Youth in Transition cohorts from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth project (birth years 1961, 1965, and 1970). It considered correlations between hourly earnings and measures of social background and school factors, qualifications, and labor market history; modeled earnings using a four-step procedure adding social and demographic background factors, school factors including school sector and achievement, qualifications and year 12 completion, and employment history; and focused on aging and cohort effects by examining impact on hourly earnings of gender, schooling, qualifications, and employment experience at particular ages. Findings indicated that school achievement had a moderate effect on hourly earnings and its effects increased with age and over time; completing year 12 increased hourly earnings, an effect stronger on younger age groups; the gender gap in earnings declined across cohorts; employment experience had less impact among women, a difference greater in younger cohorts; living in a non-metropolitan area during school years was associated with lower hourly earnings; while having a degree was a major positive influence on earnings, other qualifications were of little long-term advantage; apprenticeship was associated with an initial earnings advantage that declined with age; and increases in overall unemployment were associated with decreases in hourly earnings. (Contain 17 references, 7 tables, and 8 figures.) (YLB)
ACER Customer Service, Private Bag 55, Camberwell, Victoria 3124 Australia (Code: A108LSA; $22 Australian). Tel: 61 3 9835 7447; Fax: 61 3 9835 7499; e-mail: sales@acer.edu.au; Web site: http://www.acer.edu.au/acerpress/index.html. For full text: http://www.acer.edu.au/research/vocational/lsay/reports/lsay8.pdf .
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia