ERIC Number: ED469865
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
Scientifically-Based Reading Research: A Primer for Adult and Family Literacy Educators. Research to Practice.
Padak, Nancy; Rasinski, Tim; Mraz, Maryann
The National Reading Panel (NRP) reviewed quantitative reading research focusing on grades K-3 to identify methods leading to reading success. The following areas were identified as key areas in the process of beginning to read: (1) phonemic awareness; (2) phonics; (3) fluency; (4) vocabulary; and (5) comprehension. The research findings were synthesized into guidelines for providers of adult and family literacy programs. Selected recommendations were as follows: (1) adults at level 1, and perhaps at level 2, may benefit from phonemic awareness training; (2) parents in family literacy programs should understand the concept of phonemic awareness and its importance for their children's literacy learning; (3) phonics instruction should be systematic and should focus on reading print materials rather than on simply learning rules; (4) predictable familiar stories, repetitive language or phrases, and rhymes are useful for fluency development; (5) although some vocabulary can be learned indirectly, the mastery of other vocabulary requires explicit instruction in learning to use context clues and word derivations to decipher meanings; (6) activities effective in improving comprehension include writing response journals, retelling and evaluating texts, and holding discussions; and (7) teachers can evaluate the effectiveness of their own instruction by tracking instruction activities and learner progress for periods of time. (Contains 5 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Beginning Reading, Classroom Techniques, Definitions, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Educational Strategies, Elementary Education, Family Literacy, Guidelines, Literacy Education, Literature Reviews, Phonemics, Phonics, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Reading Skills, Reading Strategies, Research Utilization, Scientific Methodology, Synthesis, Teaching Methods, Theory Practice Relationship, Vocabulary
For full text: http://literacy.kent.edu/Oasis/Pubs/0200-25.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH. Ohio Literacy Resource Center.