ERIC Number: ED469811
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul-5
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform: With TANF Flexibility, States Vary in How They Implement Work Requirements and Time Limits. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
In this report, the General Accounting Office (GAO) examined how different states are implementing the work requirements and time limits called for by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. Data were collected from site visits in 4 states, telephone interviews with TANF officials in 8 additional states, and a survey administered to TANF officials in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. During fall 2001, states were providing cash assistance funded by federal TANF or state maintenance-of-effort (MOE) dollars to 2.1 million families. For one-third of the cash assistance caseload, only the children in families received assistance. Almost all states met or exceeded their adjusted required work participation rate in fiscal 2000. Among the states, fiscal 2000 federal participation rates ranged from about 6% to more than 70%. States excluded about 11% of the 1.4 million families with adult receiving cash assistance. Time limit exclusions were generally targeted toward families considered hard to employ, families that were working but not earning enough to leave TANF, and families that were cooperating with program requirements but had not yet found employment. Nine appendixes contain data on states' funding choices, separate state program caseloads and characteristics, state-defined work rates, and work requirements. (Contains 12 tables.) (MN)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Case Studies, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Comparative Analysis, Compliance (Legal), Disqualification, Eligibility, Federal Legislation, Federal State Relationship, Interviews, National Surveys, Program Effectiveness, Public Policy, State Regulation, Telephone Surveys, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount). For full text: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02770.pdf.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families