ERIC Number: ED469794
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Moving People from Welfare to Work: Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.
The findings of the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) were analyzed to identify ways of improving the process of moving people from welfare to work. Selected lessons from the analysis were as follows: (1) welfare-to-work programs that rely on adult basic education programs for the general population are unlikely to improve welfare recipients' basic reading and math skills; (2) all 11 NEWWS programs increased single parents' employment and earnings and decreased their welfare receipt and payments relative to the levels found in the program's absence; (3) employment-focused programs generally had larger effects on employment and earnings than did education-focused programs; (4) the human capital development (HCD) approach did not produce more long-run economic benefits than the labor force attachment (LFA) approach did; (5) compared to the HCD approach, the LFA approach moved people into jobs more quickly and was much cheaper to operate; (6) welfare-to-work programs can decrease the incidence of physical domestic violence; (7) programs with mandates and services that also leave income unchanged have relatively few effects on young children; and (8) well-funded, well-run, integrated case management-based programs offer advantages over traditional programs. A table summarizing NEWWS program activities is appended. Twenty-five selected publications from the evaluation are listed. (Contains 20 tables.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Caseworker Approach, Children, Comparative Analysis, Cost Effectiveness, Delivery Systems, Employed Parents, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Services, Family Financial Resources, Family Income, Family Life, Family Violence, Federal State Relationship, National Surveys, One Parent Family, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Costs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Salary Wage Differentials, Social Services, Socioeconomic Status, State Action, Strategic Planning, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2002/NEWWS_Synthesis/NEWWS_Synthesis.p df.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Family Support Act 1988