ERIC Number: ED469779
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May
Reference Count: N/A
International Experience with Demand-Led Financing: Education Vouchers in the USA, Great Britain and Chile. Occasional Paper.
Belfield, Clive R.
This paper reviews the research evidence on vouchers and considers the factors that make education vouchers a "live issue" in U.S. education policy. These factors can be articulated in terms of Levin's notions of freedom of choice, productive efficiency, equity, and social cohesion. It is possible to construct a reasonable case for voucher reform based on economic principles, triangulated evidence, and the absence of a strong set of counter-arguments. However, it is equally plausible to reject this case after considering the principles, evidence, and counter-arguments more closely. Moreover, voucher schemes are a trivial component of U.S. schooling, with some ambivalence on both the right and the left, and no popular mandate. Hence, vouchers are not a "live issue"; there is much discussion, but little action. Nonetheless, voucher schemes are part of a general trend toward liberalization of supply and demand of education. This trend includes a range of policy initiatives, including greater competition, greater accountability, and more contract schooling. A new example of this trend is tuition tax credits. Evaluating these credits may be even more complicated and politically charged than the debate over voucher schemes. (Contains 54 references.) (Author/RT)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Politics of Education
For full text: http://www.tc.columbia.edu/ncspe.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education.
Identifiers - Location: Chile; United Kingdom (Great Britain); United States