ERIC Number: ED469756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
The Hispano Ranchos of Northern New Mexico: Continuity and Change. Teaching with Historic Places.
Koman, Rita G.
Northern New Mexico boasts river valleys surrounded by snow covered mountains. But it is also harsh and unforgiving. One settler called it a "glorious hell." The "Hispanos," as the early Spanish settlers and their descendants were called, and the "Anglos," the immigrants from the east, were often in conflict. The physical fabric of their early ranchos, which combines the traditions of both cultural groups, testifies to the Hispanos' age-old heritage and to their ability to adapt to change. Some of the small subsistence farms (ranchos), created in the mid-19th century, survive in the mountain valleys of the Pecos and Mora rivers. This lesson plan is based on the Valencia Ranch Historic/Archeological District, the La Cueva Historic District, and other sources. The lesson plan can be used in U.S. history, social studies, and geography courses in units on settlement of the West or New Mexico history, and in units on cultural diversity. It is divided into eight sections: (1) "About This Lesson"; (2) "Getting Started: Inquiry Question"; (3) "Setting the Stage: Historical Context"; (4) "Locating the Site: Maps" (Northern Provinces of New Spain; Spanish Settlement in New Mexico, 1769); (5) "Determining the Facts: Readings" (Hispanos and Anglos; Continuity and Change in the Valleys; Valencia and La Cueva Ranchos); (6) Visual Evidence: Images" (Traditional Hispano House; Plan of a Traditional House; Main House, Valencia Rancho; Romero House, La Cueva Rancho; Valencia Rancho; Aerial View of the Valencia Rancho); (7) "Putting It All Together: Activities" (Comparing Early Building Techniques; Traditional Building and Cultural Identity; Continuity and Change in the Community); and (8) "Supplementary Resources." (BT)
Descriptors: Built Environment, Cultural Pluralism, Heritage Education, Historic Sites, Land Settlement, Primary Sources, Secondary Education, Social Studies, State History, Student Educational Objectives, Student Research
Teaching with Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, Suite NC400, Washington, DC 20240. Tel: 202-208-6843. For full text: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/96ranchos/96ranchos.htm.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. National Register of Historic Places.
Identifiers - Location: New Mexico