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ERIC Number: ED469621
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Evolution/Creation Science Controversy: Educate Rather Than Debate.
Jane, Beverley
This paper is linked to the theme History and Philosophy of Science. The Evolution and creation science controversy is now in the general public's arena and poses a challenge for school science. The paper begins by briefly describing the current situation concerning this issue in Australia and the United States of America. In the subject Biology, debating controversial issues is a popular strategy with teachers. However, Rodger Bybee questions this approach. He contends that when teaching about evolution teachers should educate students about the nature of science and develop their science inquiry abilities, rather than debating the issue. This paper supports this view, based on the argument that the creationism and evolution dispute is not really about Biology or faith, but is about Biblical interpretation. A summary of the major differences between Theistic Evolution and Creationism is described. Teaching about Charles Darwin in the historical context of the 19th century is suggested as one way to assist students to develop an understanding of science as being socially constructed. Henri Bergson argued that the process of natural selection could not adequately explain the evolution of complex organs such as the vertebrate eye. He believed that there is another channeling force at work called the "vital impulse." In Bergson's Creative Evolution he argues for lived time--the uniqueness of time in the lived experience--which is duration, not the mechanistic clock time. Accordingly, the view of science currently being taught in schools is challenged. The dilemma is that while a mechanistic view of science continues to dominate Western thinking, the science taught in classrooms will be inadequate. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/YDS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United States