ERIC Number: ED469540
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Research Perspectives: Past, Present, and Future. A View from the Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism. 2002 Edition.
Blum, Barbara B.; Francis, Jennifer Farnsworth
This working paper is the fourth in a series examining what has been learned since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996. Following an introduction describing the legislations initial impact, the paper details reauthorization-related activities during 2001 and 2002, and describes provisions of the House reauthorization proposal reflecting President George W. Bush's emphasis on child well-being and on marriage, and the Senate reauthorization bill proposing increasing work participation rates up to 70 percent. The paper further describes recently awarded grants and outlines key areas remaining to be addressed. A matrix showing research findings relevant to the provisions proposed in the Senate and the House bills highlights: (1) PRWORA goals; (2) TANF requirements; (3) populations affected; and (4) administrative issues. The paper notes that there are solid findings regarding employment, income, and welfare receipt, and emerging findings regarding child well-being, but no evidence about the feasibility of achieving 70 percent participation rates nor credible research on how to encourage and support healthy marriages. Progress in addressing research methodology problems is outlined. The paper concludes by asserting that policymakers need to apply what has already been learned as the welfare programs are reshaped and that future efforts need to focus on identifying the developmental impact on children, understanding how to make government systems work more efficiently, studying issues related to family formation and marriage, and giving priority to particular populations such as immigrants and the developmentally disabled. Two appendices describe the research base for this paper and list the projects in the Research Forum database. (KB)
Descriptors: Children, Family (Sociological Unit), Federal Legislation, Research Methodology, Research Needs, Research Problems, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Well Being
National Center for Children in Poverty, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 154 Haven Avenue, New York, NY 10032. Tel: 212-304-7119; Fax: 212-544-4200. For full text: http://www.nccp.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Chase Manhattan Foundations, New York, NY.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for Children in Poverty.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act