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ERIC Number: ED469394
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Learning the Pragmatic Functions of the Japanese "Masu" and Plain Forms.
Ishida, Kazutoh
This study examined how beginning Japanese as a Foreign Language (JFL) learners developed their understanding of the various functions of the "masu" form (for polite and formal situations) and plain form (for intimate and informal situations), noting how they used them in an appropriate manner. Participants included three undergraduate students of Japanese heritage enrolled in JFL courses. Data were collected as part of a larger study that examined the effects of an instructional approach to teaching cultural aspects of language over three semesters. The approach included explicit instruction in the various functions of the masu and plain forms. Researchers analyzed students' open-ended weekly journals in which they recorded what they had recognized about the way Japanese people interacted and how the interactions differed from their expectations. Ethnographic observation tasks were assigned toward the end of the semester. These taksk required students to go outside of the classroom and observe Japanese people interacting. Students' use of the two forms was analyzed by examining videotaped midterm and final oral tasks, which placed them in various situations. Results showed a gradual development of the ability to notice the pragmatic functions of two forms and to use them appropriately in oral tasks. (Contains 19 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A