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ERIC Number: ED469231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Education System of the Nineteenth Century: The Direction, Trends and Tensions of Curriculum Reforms in the Twenty-First Century.
Braslavsky, Cecilia
The need for curriculum change is based on the recognition that there has been a consolidation of a number of trends that began at least 20 years ago. These trends include: changes in occupational profiles in an increasingly globalized work environment; the need to counteract social inequities and marginalization; the need to recognize diversity as a resource; the need to educate individuals to improve their citizenship; and other issues resulting from the various impacts of technological progress upon people and the environment. The increasing complexity of the world nowadays requires fundamental changes in educational practices, including replacing inflexible programs with flexible frameworks that enable learning in context. The process of educational change is fraught with tensions resulting from conflicting values, divergent focus of action, and conflicting priorities between educators, policymakers, and institutions. A new vision is proposed that assumes the centrality of empowerment, politics, and policy. It promotes access to four key components or "pillars": ideas, information, capacities, and resources. By strengthening dialogue to communicate ideas, creating swift and smooth availability of information for consensus-building, educating people to enhance their capacity to undertake reforms, and bringing all resources to bear on reform, a virtuous cycle would result to manage these tensions. (RT)
International Bureau of Education, C.P. 199, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland. Tel.: 41.22.917.78.00; Fax: 41.22.917.78.01; Telex: 415 771 BIE; Web site:; e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Bureau of Education, Geneva (Switzerland).