ERIC Number: ED469199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Sep
Mental Health and Mass Violence: Evidence-Based Early Psychological Intervention for Victims/Survivors of Mass Violence. A Workshop To Reach Consensus on Best Practices (Warrenton, Virginia, October 29-November 1, 2001).
National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Department of Defense, Washington, DC.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Justice Programs.; Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC.
Americans have been exposed to increased levels of mass violence during the past decade. School violence, shootings in the workplace, and terrorist acts both here and abroad--all have affected individuals, families, communities, and our country. This report addresses the urgent need to evaluate the various psychological interventions that are increasingly among the first responses to these traumatic events. At a workshop held from October 30 to November 1, 2001, 58 disaster mental health experts from six countries were invited to address the impact of early psychological interventions and to identify what works, what doesnt work, and what the gaps are in our knowledge. Prior to the workshop, leading mental health research clinicians from the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom prepared a review of the published, peer-reviewed literature (references appear in Appendix I). The report emphasizes that although more research is needed, existing data, including studies of other kinds of traumatic events, as well as clinical experience, provide useful guidance to the mental health community in responding to mass violence. The report is targeted to those who deliver psychological interventions to emotionally distressed persons following mass violence, to those who research these issues, and to employers who want to help workers who have experienced this type of emotional trauma. (Contains 146 references, 10 tables, and 9 appendixes.) (GCP)
Descriptors: Crisis Intervention, Crisis Management, Emergency Programs, Mental Health Programs, Mental Health Workers, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, School Safety, Terrorism, Violence, Work Environment
National Institute of Mental Health, Office of Communications and Public Liaison, 6001 Executive Blvd., Room 8184, Bethesda, MD 20892-9663. Tel: 301-443-4513. For full text: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research/massviolence.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: American National Red Cross, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Department of Defense, Washington, DC.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Justice Programs.; Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC.