ERIC Number: ED468989
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
What Can Policymakers Do To Support Teaching to High Standards? CPRE Policy Bulletin.
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg
This paper discusses how policymakers can support teaching to high standards. It explains that teacher education significantly influences teacher effectiveness. The United States offers fewer supports for teacher learning than do other industrialized countries, and many U.S. teachers are inadequately prepared for the classroom. The United States also lacks a true professional development system for teachers. Its fragmentation and variability account for many problems and are largely attributable to three factors (variability in standards for candidates, in standards for programs, and in teacher education curriculum and faculty). Five premises pertinent to improving teachers' learning opportunities include teachers' prior beliefs and experiences affect what they learn, learning to teach to the new standards for students takes time and is difficult, and opportunities for analysis and reflection are central to learning to teach. Four current lines of work hold promise for effective professional development: integrating theory and practice, developing professional discourse around problems of practice, content-based professional development, and learning from analysis of practice. States with top student test scores have long supported high quality teaching and teacher learning. Promising strategies for improving teaching include standards-based reform, redesign of teacher education and induction, and restructured professional development. (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Change, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Teacher Certification, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Effectiveness
CPRE Publications, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania, 3440 Market Street, Suite 500, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3325. For full text: http://www.cpre.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Educational Governance, Finance, Policymaking, and Management (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Philadelphia, PA.
Note: Research conducted on behalf of the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future (NCTAF) for the National Education Goals Panel. Based on the CPRE/NCTAF Joint Report "Teaching for High Standards: What Policymakers Need To Know and Be Able To Do"; see ED 426 491.