ERIC Number: ED468727
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Ensuring Quality and Productivity in Higher Education: An Analysis of Assessment Practices. ERIC Digest.
Gates, Susan M.; Augustine, Catherine H.; Benjamin, Roger; Bikson, Tora K.; Kaganoff, Tessa; Levy, Dina G.; Moini, Joy S.; Zimmer, Ron W.
This digest summarizes the highlights of an analysis of assessment practices used in education and professional development for educators. A research team from RAND conducted a broad review of the literature and reviewed the documents of organizations engaged in such assessments. Researchers interviewed experts, attended conferences, and conducted site visits to exemplary programs. Findings show that the main task of assessment focuses on the quality and productivity of specific providers of education and professional development, but higher-level assessment of the system as a whole was also found to be crucial. The RAND study identified key similarities and differences among approaches to evaluation, and classified them into four models: (1) use of an intermediary organization to review the way individual providers assess their own quality and productivity; (2) actual assessment by an intermediary organization; (3) assessment by providers with no involvement of an intermediary; and (4) a focus on the learner that involves certification of student competencies. Factors that are important in choosing an approach to assessing the quality and productivity of providers were identified, and the advantages to each model were outlined. Regardless of the model selected, the study found that three key steps must be included by any provider of student assessment. The goals of the education activities must be identified, the outcomes related to those goals must be measured, and whether the outcomes met the goals must be evaluated. The literature provides guidelines for providers who want to develop their own evaluation measures. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Educational Quality, Evaluation Methods, Faculty Development, Higher Education, Productivity, Program Evaluation
ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036-1183. Tel: 800-956-7739 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.