ERIC Number: ED468632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Survey of Results from Voucher Experiments: Where We Are and What We Know. Civic Report.
Greene, Jay P.
This document is a review of eight studies of five existing voucher or school-choice programs conducted by four different groups of researchers. All studies have found important benefits of private school choice for families. Voucher programs do not appear to select primarily the best students. In all studies of existing choice programs the evidence shows that participants have very low family incomes, predominantly come from single-mother households, and have a record of low academic performance. The existing choice programs are not large enough nor have they operated long enough to reveal much about its effects on the public school system. However, Hoxby's work finds that metropolitan areas with more choices available have significantly better outcomes at lower cost. Private schools are more likely to have a racial composition similar to their communities and more likely than public schools to promote tolerance, voting, and social involvement. Perhaps the most striking finding from this review is an absence of evidence showing that school choice harms public schools or society. Given that voucher programs cost about half as much as conventional public education, they may prove to be an attractive option. (Contains 52 endnotes.) (RKJ)
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Private Schools, School Choice, School Demography, Student Costs
Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-599-7000; Fax: 212-599-3494; Web site: http://www.manhattan-institute.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Manhattan Inst., New York, NY. Center for Civic Innovation.