ERIC Number: ED468418
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Feb-18
A Second Year of One-on-One Tutoring: An Intervention for Second Graders with Reading Difficulties. CIERA Report.
Fowler, Mary Claiborne; Lindemann, Laura M.; Thacker-Gwaltney, Susan; Invernizzi, Marcia
A study discusses the effects of a second year of one-on-one intervention on the literacy development of struggling second graders. Twenty-six children participated in the study and were assigned to either a second year of intervention or a control group that received no further intervention services. Participants in the intervention group attended 45-minute tutorials from October through May of the school year. Lessons include reading for fluency, word study instruction, and integrated reading and writing instruction. On all outcome measures, the intervention group means were higher than the control group means, although statistical tests did not yield significant differences between the groups. Additionally, all of the children in the treatment group were reading on or above grade level by the second year of intervention. The findings from this study suggest that many children identified as struggling readers early in their school careers may need at least two years of intense intervention to achieve grade level expectations. An appendix provides a sample lesson plan. (Contains 3 tables of data and 42 references.) (PM)
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Grade 2, Instructional Effectiveness, Primary Education, Reading Difficulties, Reading Fluency, Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies, Tutorial Programs, Word Study Skills, Writing Instruction
CIERA/University of Michigan, 610 E. University Ave., 1600 SEB, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1259. Tel: 734-647-6940; Fax: 734-763-1229. Web site: http://www.ciera.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Improvement of Early Reading Achievement, Ann Arbor, MI.