ERIC Number: ED468399
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
The Battle of Bentonville: Caring for Casualties of the Civil War. Teaching with Historic Places.
Goode, John C.; Beck, Elaine
At the First Battle of Manassas (Virginia) in 1861 many Union doctors fled the battlefield in fear. Those who remained found themselves without adequate medical supplies or ambulances for their patients. As the U.S. Civil War progressed and casualties mounted, military surgeons became more adept at caring for the wounded. By the Battle of Bentonville (North Carolina), one of the last major engagements of the Civil War, the U.S. Army medical department had developed an effective system for operating field hospitals and an ambulance corps. The improved organization was typical of the advances in logistics that aided the Union's war effort. This lesson is based on the Bentonville Battle Ground State Historic Site. It describes and discusses the state of medicine and medical services at the Bentonville battlefield. The lesson plan can be used in units on the Civil War. The lesson is divided into seven sections: (1) "About This Lesson"; (2) "Setting the Stage: Historical Context"; (3) "Locating the Site: Maps" (Sherman's March; The Battle of Bentonville); (4) "Determining the Facts: Readings" (From Incompetence to Proficiency: The Development of Union Medical Care; Fighting and Treatment at the Battle of Bentonville; Wounded on the Field of Battle; Victims of Circumstance: Ordeal of the Harper Family); (5) "Visual Evidence: Images" (An Amputation at Camp Letterman; An Early Army Field Hospital; The Harper House); (6) "Putting It All Together: Activities" (Once a Soldier; The Other Side; On the Homefront; A Popular Example; In Your Own Community); and (7) "Supplementary Resources." (RJC)
Descriptors: Civil War (United States), Heritage Education, Historic Sites, History Instruction, Intermediate Grades, Medical Services, Medicine, Primary Sources, Secondary Education, Social Studies, State History, United States History, War
Teaching with Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, Suite NC400, Washington, DC 20240. Tel: 202-208-6843. For full text: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/69bentonville/69bentonville.htm.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. National Register of Historic Places.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina